Battle of the sex chromosomes: competition between X- and Y-chromosomeencoded proteins for partner interaction and chromatin occupancy drivesmulti-copy gene expression and evolution in muroid rodents.

Moretti, C and Blanco, M and Ialy-Radio, C and Serrentino, ME and Gobé,C and Friedman, R and Battail, C and Leduc, M and Ward, MA and Vaiman, Dand Tores, F and Cocquet, J

Transmission distorters (TDs) are genetic elements that favor their own transmission to the detriments of others. Slx/Slxl1 (Sycp3-like-X-linked and Slx-like1) and Sly (Sycp3-like-Y-linked) are TDs which have been co-amplified on the X and Y chromosomes of Mus species. They are involved in an intragenomic conflict in which each favors its own transmission, resulting in sex ratio distortion of the progeny when Slx/Slxl1 vs. Sly copy number is unbalanced. They are specifically expressed in male postmeiotic gametes (spermatids) and have opposite effects on gene expression: Sly knockdown leads to the upregulation of hundreds of spermatid-expressed genes, while Slx/Slxl1-deficiency downregulates them. When both Slx/Slxl1 and Sly are knocked-down, sex ratio distortion and gene deregulation are corrected. Slx/Slxl1 and Sly are, therefore, in competition but the molecular mechanism remains unknown. By comparing their chromatin binding profiles and protein partners, we show that SLX/SLXL1 and SLY proteins compete for interaction with H3K4me3-reader SSTY1 (Spermiogenesis-specific-transcript-on-the-Y1) at the promoter of thousands of genes to drive their expression, and that the opposite effect they have on gene expression is mediated by different abilities to recruit SMRT/N-Cor transcriptional complex. Their target genes are predominantly spermatid-specific multicopy genes encoded by the sex chromosomes and the autosomal Speer/Takusan. Many of them have co-amplified with Slx/Slxl1/Sly but also Ssty during muroid rodent evolution. Overall, we identify Ssty as a key element of the X vs. Y intragenomic conflict, which may have influenced gene content and hybrid sterility beyond Mus lineage since Ssty amplification on the Y pre-dated that of Slx/Slxl1/Sly.

Microplex Library Preparation kit
iDeal ChIP-seq Kit for Transcription Factors
Chromatin Profiling (ChIP-seq) Services

Share this article

July, 2020


Products used in this publication

  • default alt
    ChIP-seq Profiling Service
  • ChIP kit icon
    iDeal ChIP-seq kit for Transcription Factors
  • ChIP kit icon
    MicroPlex Library Preparation Kit v2 (12 indexes)
  • Bioruptor Pico
    Bioruptor® Pico sonication device


  • APHL 2024
    Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    May 6-May 9, 2024
 See all events


 See all news

The European Regional Development Fund and Wallonia are investing in your future.

Extension of industrial buildings and new laboratories.

       Site map   |   Contact us   |   Conditions of sales   |   Conditions of purchase   |   Privacy policy   |   Diagenode Diagnostics