Distinct Extracellular RNA Profiles in Different PlasmaComponents.

Jia Jing et al.

Circulating extracellular RNAs (exRNAs) have great potential to serve as biomarkers for a wide range of diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic applications. So far, knowledge of the difference among different sources of exRNAs is limited. To address this issue, we performed a sequential physical and biochemical precipitation to collect four fractions (platelets and cell debris, the thrombin-induced precipitates, extracellular vesicles, and supernatant) from each of 10 plasma samples. From total RNAs of the 40 fractions, we prepared ligation-free libraries to profile full spectrum of all RNA species, without size selection and rRNA reduction. Due to complicated RNA composition in these libraries, we utilized a successive stepwise alignment strategy to map the RNA sequences to different RNA categories, including miRNAs, piwi-interacting RNAs, tRNAs, rRNAs, lincRNAs, snoRNAs, snRNAs, other ncRNAs, protein coding RNAs, and circRNAs. Our data showed that each plasma fraction had its own unique distribution of RNA species. Hierarchical cluster analyses using transcript abundance demonstrated similarities in the same plasma fraction and significant differences between different fractions. In addition, we observed various unique transcripts, and novel predicted miRNAs among these plasma fractions. These results demonstrate that the distribution of RNA species and functional RNA transcripts is plasma fraction-dependent. Appropriate plasma preparation and thorough inspection of different plasma fractions are necessary for an exRNA-based biomarker study.

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January, 2021


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