Genomic profiling of T-cell activation suggests increased sensitivity ofmemory T cells to CD28 costimulation.

Glinos, Dafni A and Soskic, Blagoje and Williams, Cayman and Kennedy, Alanand Jostins, Luke and Sansom, David M and Trynka, Gosia

T-cell activation is a critical driver of immune responses. The CD28 costimulation is an essential regulator of CD4 T-cell responses, however, its relative importance in naive and memory T cells is not fully understood. Using different model systems, we observe that human memory T cells are more sensitive to CD28 costimulation than naive T cells. To deconvolute how the T-cell receptor (TCR) and CD28 orchestrate activation of human T cells, we stimulate cells using varying intensities of TCR and CD28 and profiled gene expression. We show that genes involved in cell cycle progression and division are CD28-driven in memory cells, but under TCR control in naive cells. We further demonstrate that T-helper differentiation and cytokine expression are controlled by CD28. Using chromatin accessibility profiling, we observe that AP1 transcriptional regulation is enriched when both TCR and CD28 are engaged, whereas open chromatin near CD28-sensitive genes is enriched for NF-kB motifs. Lastly, we show that CD28-sensitive genes are enriched in GWAS regions associated with immune diseases, implicating a role for CD28 in disease development. Our study provides important insights into the differential role of costimulation in naive and memory T-cell responses and disease susceptibility.

iDeal ChIP-seq Kit for Histones

Share this article

November, 2020


Products used in this publication

  • ChIP kit icon
    iDeal ChIP-seq kit for Histones
  • Bioruptor Pico
    Bioruptor® Pico sonication device


  • APHL 2024
    Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    May 6-May 9, 2024
  • London Calling 2024
    London, UK
    May 21-May 24, 2024
 See all events


 See all news

The European Regional Development Fund and Wallonia are investing in your future.

Extension of industrial buildings and new laboratories.

       Site map   |   Contact us   |   Conditions of sales   |   Conditions of purchase   |   Privacy policy   |   Diagenode Diagnostics