Manoharlal Raman, Saiprasad G. V. S., Kaikala Vinay, Suresh Kumar R., Kovařík Ales
The present work investigated a comprehensive genome-wide landscape of DNA methylome and its relationship with transcriptome upon gibberellin A3 (GA3) foliar application under practical field conditions in solanaceae model, Nicotiana tabacum L. Methylated DNA Immunoprecipitation-Sequencing (MeDIP-Seq) analysis uncovered over 82% (18,456) of differential methylated regions (DMRs) in intergenic-region. Within protein-coding region, 2339 and 1685 of identified DMRs were observed in genebody- and promoter-region, respectively. Microarray study revealed 7032 differential expressed genes (DEGs) with 3507 and 3525 genes displaying upand down-regulation, respectively. Integration analysis revealed 520 unique non-redundant annotated DMRs overlapping with DEGs. Our results indicated that GA3 induced DNA hypo- as well as hyper-methylation were associated with both gene-silencing and -activation. No complete biasness or correlation was observed in either of the promoter- or genebody-regions, which otherwise showed an overall trend towards GA3 induced global DNA hypo-methylation. Taken together, our results suggested that differential DNA methylation mediated by GA3 may only play a permissive role in regulating the gene expression.