LL37/self-DNA complexes mediate monocyte reprogramming

Aman Damara et al.

LL37 alone and in complex with self-DNA triggers inflammatory responses in myeloid cells and plays a crucial role in the development of systemic autoimmune diseases, like psoriasis and systemic lupus erythematosus. We demonstrated that LL37/self-DNA complexes induce long-term metabolic and epigenetic changes in monocytes, enhancing their responsiveness to subsequent stimuli. Monocytes trained with LL37/self-DNA complexes and those derived from psoriatic patients exhibited heightened glycolytic and oxidative phosphorylation rates, elevated release of proinflammatory cytokines, and affected naïve CD4+ T cells. Additionally, KDM6A/B, a demethylase of lysine 27 on histone 3, was upregulated in psoriatic monocytes and monocytes treated with LL37/self-DNA complexes. Inhibition of KDM6A/B reversed the trained immune phenotype by reducing proinflammatory cytokine production, metabolic activity, and the induction of IL-17-producing T cells by LL37/self-DNA-treated monocytes. Our findings highlight the role of LL37/self-DNA-induced innate immune memory in psoriasis pathogenesis, uncovering its impact on monocyte and T cell dynamics.


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August, 2024


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