Nuclear proinflammatory cytokine S100A9 enhances expression of human papillomavirus oncogenes via transcription factor TEAD1.

Mori Seiichiro and Ishii Yoshiyuki and Takeuchi Takamasa and Kukimoto Iwao

Transcription of the human papillomavirus (HPV) oncogenes, and , is regulated by the long control region (LCR) of the viral genome. Although various transcription factors have been reported to bind to the LCR, little is known about the transcriptional cofactors that modulate HPV oncogene expression in association with these transcription factors. Here, we performed DNA-pulldown purification of nuclear proteins in cervical cancer cells, followed by proteomic analyses to identify transcriptional cofactors that bind to the HPV16 LCR via the transcription factor TEAD1. We detected the proinflammatory cytokine S100A9 that localized to the nucleus of cervical cancer cells and associated with the LCR via direct interaction with TEAD1. Nuclear S100A9 levels and its association with the LCR were increased in cervical cancer cells by treatment with a proinflammatory phorbol ester. Knockdown of S100A9 decreased HPV oncogene expression and reduced the growth of cervical cancer cells and their susceptibility to cisplatin, whereas forced nuclear expression of S100A9 using nuclear localization signals exerted opposite effects. Thus, we conclude that nuclear S100A9 binds to the HPV LCR via TEAD1 and enhances viral oncogene expression by acting as a transcriptional coactivator. IMPORTANCE Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the primary cause of cervical cancer, and the viral oncogenes and play crucial roles in carcinogenesis. Although cervical inflammation contributes to the development of cervical cancer, the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of these inflammatory responses in HPV carcinogenesis are not fully understood. Our study shows that S100A9, a proinflammatory cytokine, is induced in the nucleus of cervical cancer cells by inflammatory stimuli, and it enhances HPV oncogene expression by acting as a transcriptional coactivator of TEAD1. These findings provide new molecular insights into the relationship between inflammation and viral carcinogenesis.

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August, 2023



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