Kleinjan D.A. et al.
The nuclease-deactivated variant of CRISPR-Cas9 proteins (dCas9) fused to heterologous transactivation domains can act as a potent guide RNA sequence-directed inducer or repressor of gene expression in mammalian cells. In such a system the long-term presence of a stable dCas9 effector can be a draw-back precluding the ability to switch rapidly between repressed and activated target gene expression states, imposing a static environment on the synthetic regulatory circuits in the cell. To address this issue we have generated a toolkit of conditionally degradable or stabilisable orthologous dCas9 or Cpf1 effector proteins, thus opening options for multidimensional control of functional activities through combinations of orthogonal, drug-tunable artificial transcription factors.