Distribution, recognition and regulation of non-CpG methylation in the adult mammalian brain.

Guo JU, Su Y, Shin JH, Shin J, Li H, Xie B, Zhong C, Hu S, Le T, Fan G, Zhu H, Chang Q, Gao Y, Ming GL, Song H

DNA methylation has critical roles in the nervous system and has been traditionally considered to be restricted to CpG dinucleotides in metazoan genomes. Here we show that the single base-resolution DNA methylome from adult mouse dentate neurons consists of both CpG (~75%) and CpH (~25%) methylation (H = A/C/T). Neuronal CpH methylation is conserved in human brains, enriched in regions of low CpG density, depleted at protein-DNA interaction sites and anticorrelated with gene expression. Functionally, both methylated CpGs (mCpGs) and mCpHs can repress transcription in vitro and are recognized by methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) in neurons in vivo. Unlike most CpG methylation, CpH methylation is established de novo during neuronal maturation and requires DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) for active maintenance in postmitotic neurons. These characteristics of CpH methylation suggest that a substantially expanded proportion of the neuronal genome is under cytosine methylation regulation and provide a new foundation for understanding the role of this key epigenetic modification in the nervous system.

Chromatin Shearing
Bioruptor Plus

Share this article

February, 2014



  • London Calling 2024
    London, UK
    May 21-May 24, 2024
  • Symposium of the Young Scientist Association
    Vienna, Austria
    May 28-May 29, 2024
  • ESHG 2024
    Berlin, Germany
    Jun 1-Jun 4, 2024
  • CLEPIC 2024
    Warsaw, Poland
    Jun 5-Jun 7, 2024
  • EACR 2024
    Rotterdam, Netherlands
    Jun 10-Jun 13, 2024
  • Chromatin meets South 2024
    Marseille, France
    Jun 13-Jun 14, 2024
 See all events


       Site map   |   Contact us   |   Conditions of sales   |   Conditions of purchase   |   Privacy policy   |   Diagenode Diagnostics