Inhibition of neural crest formation by Kctd15 involves regulation of transcription factor AP-2.

Zarelli VE, Dawid IB

The neural crest develops in vertebrate embryos within a discrete domain at the neural plate boundary and eventually gives rise to a migrating population of cells that differentiate into a multitude of derivatives. We have shown that the broad-complex, tramtrack and bric a brac (BTB) domain-containing factor potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 15 (Kctd15) inhibits neural crest formation, and we proposed that its function is to delimit the neural crest domain. Here we report that Kctd15 is a highly effective inhibitor of transcription factor activating enhancer binding protein 2 (AP-2) in zebrafish embryos and in human cells; AP-2 is known to be critical for several steps of neural crest development. Kctd15 interacts with AP-2α but does not interfere with its nuclear localization or binding to cognate sites in the genome. Kctd15 binds specifically to the activation domain of AP-2α and efficiently inhibits transcriptional activation by a hybrid protein composed of the regulatory protein Gal4 DNA binding and AP-2α activation domains. Mutation of one proline residue in the activation domain to an alanine (P59A) yields a protein that is highly active but largely insensitive to Kctd15. These results indicate that Kctd15 acts in the embryo at least in part by specifically binding to the activation domain of AP-2α, thereby blocking the function of this critical factor in the neural crest induction hierarchy.

Chromatin Shearing
Bioruptor Plus

Share this article

February, 2013



  • Virtual ChIP workshop - January 18-19, 2022 or January 25-26, 2022
    Jan 18-Jan 26, 2022
  • Virtual DNA Methylation - January 18-19, 2022 or January 25-26, 2022
    Jan 18-Jan 26, 2022
  • Lausanne Genomics Days 2022
    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Feb 14-Feb 15, 2022
 See all events


 See all news

The European Regional Development Fund and Wallonia are investing in your future.

Extension of industrial buildings and new laboratories.

       Site map   |   Contact us   |   Conditions of sales   |   Conditions of purchase   |   Privacy policy   |   Diagenode Diagnostics