H3K9 methylation patterns during somatic embryogenic competenceexpression in tamarillo (Solanum betaceum Cav.)

Cordeiro D. et al.

The capacity to regenerate is intrinsic to plants and is the basis of natural asexual propagation and artificial cloning. Despite there are different ways of plant regeneration, they all require a change in cell fate and pluripotency reacquisition, in particular somatic embryogenesis. The mechanisms underlying somatic cell reprogramming for embryogenic competence acquisition, expression and maintenance remain not fully understood. These complex processes have been often associated with epigenetic markers, mainly DNA methylation, while little is known about the possible role of histone modifications. In the present study, the dynamics of global levels and distribution patterns of histone H3 methylation at lysine 9 (H3K9), a major repressive histone modification, were analyzed in somatic embryogenesis-induced cell lines with different embryogenic capacities and during somatic embryo initiation, in the woody species Solanum betaceum. Quantification of global H3K9 methylation showed similar levels in the three types of proliferating calli (embryogenic, long-term and non-embryogenic), kept in high sucrose and auxin-containing medium. Microscopic analyzes revealed heterogeneous cell organization and different cell types, particularly evident in embryogenic callus. The H3K9 dimethylation (H3K9me2) immunofluorescence signal was lower in nuclei of cells showing embryogenic-like and proliferating features, while labeling was higher in vacuolated, non-embryogenic cells with higher proliferation rates. By auxin removal, somatic embryo development was promoted in the embryogenic cell line. During the initiation of this process, increasing levels of global H3K9 methylation were found, together with increasing H3K9me2 immunofluorescence signals, especially in cells of the developing embryo. These results suggest that H3K9 methylation is involved in somatic embryo development, a developmental pathway in which this epigenetic mark could play a role in the gene transcription variation that is associated with embryogenic competence expression in S. betaceum. Altogether, these data provide new insights into the role of this epigenetic mark in somatic embryogenesis in trees, where scarce information is available.


Share this article

November, 2023


Products used in this publication

  • Antibody ChIP icon
    H3K9me2 Antibody


  • EpiPlant 2024
    Clermont-Ferrand, France
    Jul 10-Jul 12, 2024
 See all events


       Site map   |   Contact us   |   Conditions of sales   |   Conditions of purchase   |   Privacy policy