Bari S, Chu PP, Lim A, Fan X, Gay FP, Bunte RM, Lim TK, Li S, Chiu GN, Hwang WY
In this study, carboxylic acid functionalized single walled carbon nanotubes (f-SWCNT-COOH) was shown to support the viability and ex vivo expansion of freeze-thawed, non-enriched hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) in human umbilical cord blood-mononucleated cells (UCB-MNC). Our in vitro experiments showed that f-SWCNT-COOH increased the viability of the CD45(+) cells even without cytokine stimulation. It also reduced mitochondrial superoxides and caspase activity in CD45(+) cells. f-SWCNT-COOH drastically reduced the proportions of CD45(-) cells in the non-enriched UCB-MNC. Phenotypic expression analysis and functional colony forming units (CFU) showed significant ex vivo expansion of HSPC, particularly of CD45(+)CD34(+)CD38(-) population and granulocyte-macrophage (GM) colonies, in f-SWCNT-COOH augmented cultures supplemented with basal cytokines. In vivo data suggested that f-SWCNT-COOH expanded UCB-MNC could repopulate immunodeficient mice models with minimal acute or sub-acute symptoms of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and f-SWCNT-COOH dependent toxicity.