Muscle allele-specific expression QTLs may affect meat quality traitsin Bos indicus.

Bruscadin J.J. et al.

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in transcript sequences showing allele-specific expression (ASE SNPs) were previously identified in the Longissimus thoracis muscle of a Nelore (Bos indicus) population consisting of 190 steers. Given that the allele-specific expression pattern may result from cis-regulatory SNPs, called allele-specific expression quantitative trait loci (aseQTLs), in this study, we searched for aseQTLs in a window of 1 Mb upstream and downstream from each ASE SNP. After this initial analysis, aiming to investigate variants with a potential regulatory role, we further screened our aseQTL data for sequence similarity with transcription factor binding sites and microRNA (miRNA) binding sites. These aseQTLs were overlapped with methylation data from reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS) obtained from 12 animals of the same population. We identified 1134 aseQTLs associated with 126 different ASE SNPs. For 215 aseQTLs, one allele potentially affected the affinity of a muscle-expressed transcription factor to its binding site. 162 aseQTLs were predicted to affect 149 miRNA binding sites, from which 114 miRNAs were expressed in muscle. Also, 16 aseQTLs were methylated in our population. Integration of aseQTL with GWAS data revealed enrichment for traits such as meat tenderness, ribeye area, and intramuscular fat . To our knowledge, this is the first report of aseQTLs identification in bovine muscle. Our findings indicate that various cis-regulatory and epigenetic mechanisms can affect multiple variants to modulate the allelic expression. Some of the potential regulatory variants described here were associated with the expression pattern of genes related to interesting phenotypes for livestock. Thus, these variants might be useful for the comprehension of the genetic control of these phenotypes.

Premium RRBS Kit
DNA Methylation Profiling (RRBS Service)

Share this article

April, 2021


Products used in this publication

  • Methylation kit icon
    Premium RRBS kit V2
  • default alt
    RRBS受託サービス (Reduced Representation Bisulfite Se...
  • Methylation kit icon
    Premium RRBS kit V2 x96 RRBS for low DNA amoun...


  • London Calling 2024
    London, UK
    May 21-May 24, 2024
  • Symposium of the Young Scientist Association
    Vienna, Austria
    May 28-May 29, 2024
  • ESHG 2024
    Berlin, Germany
    Jun 1-Jun 4, 2024
  • CLEPIC 2024
    Warsaw, Poland
    Jun 5-Jun 7, 2024
  • EACR 2024
    Rotterdam, Netherlands
    Jun 10-Jun 13, 2024
  • Chromatin meets South 2024
    Marseille, France
    Jun 13-Jun 14, 2024


       Site map   |   Contact us   |   Conditions of sales   |   Conditions of purchase   |   Privacy policy   |   Diagenode Diagnostics