Epigenetic remodeling of downstream enhancer regions is linked toselective expression of the IL1F10 gene in differentiated humankeratinocytes.

Talabot-Ayer D. et al.

Interleukin (IL)-38, encoded by the IL1F10 gene, is a member of the IL-1 family of cytokines. IL-38 is constitutively expressed in epithelia in healthy humans, and in particular in epidermal keratinocytes in the skin. IL-38 expression is closely correlated with keratinocyte differentiation. The aim of this study was to further characterize the regulation of IL1F10 expression and the mechanisms involved in its selective induction in differentiated human keratinocytes. We observed coordinated expression of two IL1F10 transcripts, transcribed from two different promoters, upon differentiation of primary human keratinocytes. Using ENCODE datasets and ChIP-qPCR on ex vivo isolated normal human epidermis, we identified regulatory regions located downstream of the IL1F10 gene, which displayed features of differentiated keratinocyte-specific enhancers. Expression of the IL1F10 gene was linked to changes in the epigenetic landscape at these downstream enhancer regions in human epidermis. Overexpression of the transcription factors KLF4 and TAp63β in an immortalized normal human keratinocyte (iNHK) cell line promoted the expression of mRNA encoding the differentiation markers keratin 10 and involucrin, and of IL1F10. ChIP-qPCR experiments indicated that KLF4 and TAp63β overexpression also modified the chromatin state of the proximal downstream enhancer region, suggesting a role for KLF4 and TAp63β in directly or indirectly regulating IL1F10 transcription. In conclusion, expression of the IL1F10 gene in differentiated keratinocytes in normal human epidermis involves coordinated transcription from two promoters and is linked to epigenetic remodeling of enhancer regions located downstream of the gene.

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August, 2022


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