Pickett, Brandon D and Glass, Jessica R and Ridge, PerryG and Kauwe, John S K
The bluefin trevally, Caranx melampygus, also known as the bluefin kingfish or bluefin jack, is known for its remarkable, bright-blue fins. This marine teleost is a widely prized sportfish, but few resources have been devoted to the genomics and conservation of this species because it is not targeted by large-scale commercial fisheries. Population declines from recreational and artisanal overfishing have been observed in Hawai'i, USA, resulting in both an interest in aquaculture and concerns about the long-term conservation of this species. Most research to-date has been performed in Hawai'i, raising questions about the status of bluefin trevally populations across its Indo-Pacific range. Genomic resources allow for expanded research on stock status, genetic diversity, and population demography. We present a high quality, 711 Mb nuclear genome assembly of a Hawaiian bluefin trevally from noisy long-reads with a contig NG50 of 1.2 Mb and longest contig length of 8.9 Mb. As measured by single-copy orthologs, the assembly was 95\% complete, and the genome is comprised of 16.9\% repetitive elements. The assembly was annotated with 33.1 K protein-coding genes, 71.4\% of which were assigned putative functions, using RNA-seq data from eight tissues from the same individual. This is the first whole-genome assembly published for the carangoid genus Caranx. Using this assembled genome, a multiple sequentially Markovian coalescent model was implemented to assess population demography. Estimates of effective population size suggest population expansion has occurred since the Late Pleistocene. This genome will be a valuable resource for comparative phylogenomic studies of carangoid fishes and will help elucidate demographic history and delineate stock structure for bluefin trevally populations throughout the Indo-Pacific.