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Epigenetically-driven anatomical diversity of synovial fibroblasts guides joint-specific fibroblast functions


Mojca Frank-Bertoncelj, Michelle Trenkmann, Kerstin Klein, Emmanuel Karouzakis, Hubert Rehrauer, Anna Bratus, Christoph Kolling, Maria Armaka, Andrew Filer, Beat Michel, Renate E. Gay, Christopher D. Buckley, George Kollias, Steffen Gay & Caroline Ospelt

A number of human diseases, such as arthritis and atherosclerosis, include characteristic pathology in specific anatomical locations. Here we show transcriptomic differences in synovial fibroblasts from different joint locations and that HOX gene signatures reflect the joint-specific origins of mouse and human synovial fibroblasts and synovial tissues. Alongside DNA methylation and histone modifications, bromodomain and extra-terminal reader proteins regulate joint-specific HOX gene expression. Anatomical transcriptional diversity translates into joint-specific synovial fibroblast phenotypes with distinct adhesive, proliferative, chemotactic and matrix-degrading characteristics and differential responsiveness to TNF, creating a unique microenvironment in each joint. These findings indicate that local stroma might control positional disease patterns not only in arthritis but in any disease with a prominent stromal component.

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Published
March, 2017

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    ChIP-seq/ChIP-qPCR プロファイリングサービス

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  • Molecular Biology Society of Japan
    Fukuoka
    Dec 3-Dec 6, 2019
  • ASH annual meeting
    Orlando, FL
    Dec 7-Dec 10, 2019
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