Kahramanoglou C, Cortes T, Matange N, Hunt DM, Visweswariah SS, Young DB, Buxton RS
Chromatin immunoprecipitation identified 191 binding sites of Mycobacterium tuberculosis cAMP receptor protein (CRP(Mt)) at endogenous expression levels using a specific α-CRP(Mt) antibody. Under these native conditions an equal distribution between intragenic and intergenic locations was observed. CRP(Mt) binding overlapped a palindromic consensus sequence. Analysis by RNA sequencing revealed widespread changes in transcriptional profile in a mutant strain lacking CRP(Mt) during exponential growth, and in response to nutrient starvation. Differential expression of genes with a CRP(Mt)-binding site represented only a minor portion of this transcriptional reprogramming with ∼19% of those representing transcriptional regulators potentially controlled by CRP(Mt). The subset of genes that are differentially expressed in the deletion mutant under both culture conditions conformed to a pattern resembling canonical CRP regulation in Escherichia coli, with binding close to the transcriptional start site associated with repression and upstream binding with activation. CRP(Mt) can function as a classical transcription factor in M. tuberculosis, though this occurs at only a subset of CRP(Mt)-binding sites.