Ul Haq Sami et al.
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) methylome is understudied. Here, we comprehensively profile SCLC using cell-free methylated DNA immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (cfMeDIP-seq). Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) from plasma of 74 SCLC patients pre-treatment and from 20 non-cancer participants, genomic DNA (gDNA) from peripheral blood leukocytes from the same 74 patients and 7 accompanying circulating-tumour-cell patient-derived xenografts (CDX) underwent cfMeDIP-seq. PeRIpheral blood leukocyte MEthylation (PRIME) subtraction to improve tumour specificity. SCLC cfDNA methylation is distinct from non-cancer but correlates with CDX tumor methylation. PRIME and k-means consensus identified two methylome clusters with prognostic associations that related to axon guidance, neuroactive ligand−receptor interaction, pluripotency of stem cells, and differentially methylated at long noncoding RNA and other repeats features. We comprehensively profiled the SCLC methylome in a large patient cohort and identified methylome clusters with prognostic associations. Our work demonstrates the potential of liquid biopsies in examining SCLC biology encoded in the methylome.
Share this article