Gavin DP, Kusumo H, Sharma RP, Guizzetti M, Guidotti A, Pandey SC.
AIM: In nondividing neurons examine the role of Gadd45b in active 5-methylcytosine (5MC) and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5HMC) removal at a gene promoter highly implicated in mental illnesses and cognition, Bdnf.
MATERIALS & METHODS: Mouse primary cortical neuronal cultures with and without Gadd45b siRNA transfection were treated with N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA). Expression changes of genes reportedly involved in DNA demethylation, Bdnf mRNA and protein and 5MC and 5HMC at Bdnf promoters were measured.
RESULTS: Gadd45b siRNA transfection in neurons abolishes the NMDA-induced increase in Bdnf IXa mRNA and reductions in 5MC and 5HMC at the Bdnf IXa promoter.
CONCLUSION: These results contribute to our understanding of DNA demethylation mechanisms in neurons, and its role in regulating NMDA responsive genes implicated in mental illnesses.